Paediatric Migraine

Migraine in children disrupts their lives and school performance. It´s a complicated neurological disease, with head pain and other symptoms, like nausea, vomiting, dizziness, sensitivity to touch, sound, light, and odours. Hence Indo American Hospital is constantly seeking safe, effective options for migraine prevention which are essential for relieving children´s suffering.

Such as nausea, vomiting, dizziness, sensitivity to sound, light, and odors, abdominal pain, and mood changes. Children generally have fewer and shorter migraine attacks than adult sufferers, childhood migraine can be just as disabling, and it can seriously affect the child’s quality of life. A doctor should be consulted if a child suffers from frequent or disabling headaches or migraine symptoms.

Diagnosis is made through a patient history, physical examination, and by ruling out other explanations for the symptoms. Sometimes diagnostic tests, such as blood tests, EEG and neuroimaging are also used to assist in diagnosing migraine. Migraine tends to run in families. If one parent suffers from migraine, there is a 40% chance a child will also suffer; if both parents suffer, the chance rises to 90%.

Treatment for childhood and adolescent migraine depends on the age of the child and the frequency and severity of the attacks.

There are three general approaches to treatment:

  • Acute treatment uses drugs to relieve the symptoms when they occur.
  • Preventive treatment uses drugs taken daily to reduce the number of attacks and lessen the intensity of the pain.
  • Complementary treatment includes relaxation techniques (biofeedback, imagery, hypnosis, etc.), cognitive-behavioural therapy, exercise and proper rest and diet to help avoid attack triggers.

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